Here’s the main culprit – the sebaceous gland lying deep in your dermis skin layer. These innocent-looking balloons-like structures connect with the hair follicles and deposit their oily sebum onto the surface of the skin through the pores.
Sebum is a complex blend of fat and debris of dead fat-producing cells. Only the lips, palms and soles are free from the curse of these sebaceous glands, and no prize for guessing the area with the most sebaceous glands as we all have suffered from the shine of the notorious T-zone (forehead, nose and chin).
These glands normally help in lubricating the skin and hair and protect us from dehydration but the excess of a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT) or an increased sensitivity to normal levels of DHT will results in excessively oily skin. Menstrual cycle affects DHT levels thus ladies tend to look shinier before menstruation.
Stress and an imbalanced diet such as overdoses of spices and alcohols also stimulate the overproduction of sebum. Excessive oily skin blocks pores and contributes to acne break out. Clogged pores will further lead to blackheads and eventually pores will become increasingly visible.
To add to the agony, sebum on the surface of the skin will oxidise on contact with the air and lead to premature aging.
Now does that give you enough reasons to clear up the oil slick?
Get into a routine
Oily skin care routines aim not to dry up the skin. Here’s a bundle of tips for your daily regime.
Finally, too much heat under the sun stimulates the production of more oil. Thus keep yourself in the shade to avoid the shine!
If you have a severe case of acne in your T-zone in the first place, you may want to consider visiting your doctor for help. Common causes of acne are bacteria infections, stress and hormonal imbalances.
To avoid bacteria infections, avoid touching your face with your hands. A doctor can also put you on antibiotics to combat the bacteria in your skin that is causing infections.
Learn to deal with stress appropriately – you may want to try talking to family members to relieve stress. Above all don’t stress out because of acne, that’s only going to make it worse.
Lastly hormonal fluctuations can cause over or under production of sebum. A doctor can help control your hormonal imbalances.
What he’ll prescribe is hormone pills intended to regulate your periods, which can be contraceptive in nature if you find that useful. If you are trying to get pregnant, specific medications which regulate hormones are also available which have not contraceptive in nature.