If you noticed your teeth looking longer, your gums are eroding.
It is so gradual that you don’t even notice it until it starts to feel tender, and your teeth looking longer. Yes, buddy – you might be experiencing gum recession.
Gum recession is the process where the margin of the tissue around the teeth pulls back, revealing the root of the tooth. The wearing away of gums gives a longer-looking appearance of teeth. Gaps between the teeth and gum line create higher susceptibility to an accumulation of bacteria. If left untreated, it would lead to an eventual loss of teeth due to severe damage of the tissues and bone structures around the teeth.
CAUSES OF ERODING GUMS
1) Periodontal disease is the most common reason why gum recession occurs. Bacterial gum infection erodes gum tissues and supporting bone structure around teeth.
2) It’s what you’re born with – Genes. Some people are simply more prone to gum disease, despite stellar dental care for their teeth.
3) Don’t give tough love to your teeth. Rigorous brushing of teeth might erode tooth enamel, causing your gums to recede.
4) Inadequate dental care simply allows plaque to solidify, turning into tartar (calculus). Tartar is a hard substance that gathers in between the crevasses of the teeth. This is especially problematic for crooked teeth, because there are more nooks and crannies that regular flossing and brushing cannot reach. Professional teeth cleaning at the dental clinic will aid in keeping tartar at bay.
5) Smoking affects the attachment of soft tissue (such as gums) and bone to your teeth because it impedes the renewal of gum tissue cells. With the lack of cell renewal that maintains the strength of your gum health, this leaves more room for infections to breed. Smoking also interferes healthy blood circulation to the gums, resulting in tooth and bone loss, as well as periodontal disease.
TREATMENT FOR ERODING GUMS
1) Pocket depth reduction – The dentist/periodontist folds the damaged dum tissue, eliminates disease-causing bacteria from the gaps between your teeth. By securing the pockets of gum tissue over the root of your tooth, this eliminates breeding ground for bacteria.
2) Regeneration of bone and tissue – To regrow lost bone and tissue around your teeth, a regenerative substance i.e. membrane, tissue-stimulating protein will be spread onto the affected areas.
3) Gum tissue graft – There are several ways to attain a gum graft. The most common way is to cut a flap from the roof of your mouth to extract tissue under the flap. It is then stitched to the gum tissue around the affected tooth. If you have sufficient gum tissue around the affected tooth, the dentist could graft gum tissues rather than the roof of your mouth. This varies from individual to individual, so it is best advised by your dentist.