It is totally possible to be a carrier of STD without ever knowing that you have it. You could pass it to your sexual partners despite not having any visible symptoms. While the majority of STDs are treatable, there are 4 incurable viral STDs that cannot be cured… and the scary part is that, you mayn’t even know you’ve got it!
1. Genital Herpes
It is primarily caused by HSV-2 (Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2). The disease is usually transmitted through oral and/or vaginal sex. This even extends to touching the herpes sores itself, as the virus is transmitted through skin contact.
Most people are not aware that they may have it. However, initial outbreaks are obvious due to the blisters and sores present around the genitalia, thighs and anus (They’re painful too!) Other accompanying symptoms are fever, fatigue and swollen glands.
2. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Also known as genital warts, HPV causes the growth of warts on the genitalia. HPV virus resides in the skin and mucous membrane, and can also be transmitted through broken or wounded skin. HPV is especially at risk for women, as certain strains of the virus may cause cervical cancer.
Usually, people with HPV do not exhibit symptoms. Those who do, usually have small bumps around the vagina area. It usually grows in clusters and may be itchy. Pregnant women can transmit the disease to their babies
3. Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B results in the inflammation of the liver. Although patients diagnosed with Hepatitis B may appear to be healthy, they do experience sumptoms such as loss of appetite, stomach ache and adbominal pain. This could also result in chronic hepatitis, and increase susceptibility to other diseases, causing death.
It is transmitted during sexual intercourse, blood transfusion (normally due to oversight of diseases), unsterilized injection, as well as transmission during birthing.
4. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), which slowly but surely destroys your immune system. When your immune system is down and out, you’re at a higher risk for other diseases (including STDs). It can be even trasmitted from mother to child before or during delivery and nursing. Sharing needles or piercing instruments can also transmit the virus.
Although the symptoms vary, as it is highly dependent on the lifestyle and treatment of each patient, the general symptoms are fatigue, diarrhea, fever, rapid weight loss and vaginal infections. These symptoms can cause other illnesses such as skin cancer, tubercolosis, blindness and diseases that shortern one’s lifespan.
Don’t think that HIV is the only disease that has no cure. Although it is indeed one of the world’s most deadly diseases, it is not the only STD that is incurable and potentially fatal. Here’s a word of caution: protection! Wear a condom, please. STDs caused by viruses are incurable as they remain in your body forever. There is no medication that can cure viral STDs.